Historical overview

An entire section on the history of money

When was money invented? In which forms has money been used in various times? The Museum's history section exhibits the history of money, starting from the first antique coins. The history section also illustrates monetary policy as part of the Finnish and international social atmosphere in the past centuries. The history of Finland’s central bank is particularly fascinating, as the Bank of Finland, founded in 1811, is the world’s 4th oldest central bank. The historical overview culminates with the introduction of the single European currency, the euro, and the accession of the Bank of Finland to the European System of Central Banks (ESCB).


Finnish history is presented from the monetary developments from the Middle Ages to the euro.


International developments of monetary systems are presented from the early 19th century to the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries.


“Assisting the Kingdom through a Natural Monetary System” by Anders Chydenius (1729–1803), priest and delegate to the Diet.


10 rouble minting plate


The Bank of Finland’s old strong-box was made in Turku in 1818 by Carl Frederic Wulff, a master metal craftsman. It is said that the Bank’s entire monetary reserves were transferred in this trunk when the Bank moved offices from Turku to Helsinki in 1819.